- About Us
- What is Autism
- Autism at Home
There is no medical cure for autism at present.
Intensive Behavioural Treatment using the Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) approach is the Golden Standard for Treatment.
Gold Standard Treatment for Autism
Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) is the only teaching approach for autism supported by over 1000 journal articles based on controlled studies, post-treatment follow up data and peer-reviewed studies.
More than 40 states in the USA provide either state or insurance funding for ABA treatment.
Almost 50% of children with autism who receive good quality ABA at a young age will be able to catch up to their typically developing peers. The other 50% are able to show improvement in all areas as well such as reduction of challenging behaviours, increase of functional skills, communication, independence, etc. but at a more gradual pace.
Alternative and Eclectic Treatments
According to the AMS-MOH Clinical Practice Guidelines for Autism Spectrum Disorder published by the Ministry of Health Singapore (2010), there are alternative treatments that are:
Alternative Treatments That Are Not Recommended Due to Insufficient, Inconclusive or Conflicting Evidence
Potential Adverse Effects
Sound therapies (SAMONAS Sound Therapy and the Listening Programme)
Improve abnormal sound sensitivity
Musical elements to increase communication, attention, turn taking & social imitation
Massage and other sensory-based interventions
Improve a range of motor and sensory functions
Ingestible: Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Ingestible: Amino Acids
Gluten-free/ Cassein-free diet
Leaky Gut syndrome; Insufficient intestinal enzyme activity
Dietary restrictions may increase rigidity in feeding; Nutritial deficiencies; Irritability, aggression & inattentiveness
Art elements to develop cognition, language, motor skills, self-expression and self-esteem, social and life skills
Correcting eye movement disorders – Filling gaps in unusual visual behaviour
Different activities have different aims: Improve language & social skills; Teach responsibility & commitment; Increase attachment
Harm to child (Accidents, bites, scratches) & Harm to animal (Accidental agression)
Alternative Treatments That Are Not Recommended Due to Potential Harm and Detrimental Effects to the Child
Potential Adverse Effects
Reduce inattentiveness & stereotypic behaviour due to physical and sensory needs
Affect growth; Musculoskeletal development
Leaky gut syndrome; Secretine reduces behavioural characteristics of autism
Diarrhoea; Vomiting; Constipation; Irritability
Patterning with Masking
Enhances oxygen uptake into blood stream; wearing mask to rebreath CO2 that was exhaled in last breath, opening up arteries and improving blood supply
Risk of brain damage; Physical harm
Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy
Correcting autoimmune problems causing autism symptoms; via intravenous injections
Suppressing immune system; Mild eczema; Nausea and vomiting; Chills and fever; Hypo/ Hypertension; Rashes; Headache; Pain; Fear
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Reduce inflammation of brain; Improve blood supply
Ear barotrauma; Pneumothorax; Oxygen-induced convulsions; Fire & explosions
Autism is a result of parent’s failure to bond with child. Holding child tightly in a way that ensures eye contact; deliberately provoking distress until child needs and accepts comfort
Provoking distress; Rage; Force potentially evokes fear, confusion, anger, betrayal; Violation of child’s individuality; Traumatised; Harm to psychological health
Communicating through his/ her hand to the hand of the facilitator which then is guided to a letter, word, or picture on a keyboard
Possibly promoting independent communicators into passive communicators; Forced communication; Potential physical force
Gentle manipulation of skull, spine & soft tissue effect behavioural change
Nausea & vomitting; Confusion; Neurological concerns
Decrease toxic heavy metal (Childhood exposure to neurotoxins (Hg, Pb) believed to cause Autism)
Potential harm including death (hypocalcaemia); Hepatotoxity & Nephrotoxity; Stevens-Johnson syndrome
Ingestible: Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C), Digestive enzymes, Folate Vitamin B6/Magnesium Vitamin B12 Zinc Antibiotics/ Anti-Yeast Medication
Adverse effects especially in high doses; overdose; Diarrhoea (Nystatin); Hepatotoxity
Auditory Integration Therapy
Provide stimulation to hearing mechanism, thereby, providing ‘normal’ hearing and correcting anomalies that affect speech and language development, sensitivity, and learning delays
Output harmful to hearing and potentially dangerous
Unblocking flow of energy “qi”
Infection; Haemorrhage; Pain; Fear; Symptom aggravation
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Ministry of Health Singapore (2010). Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies (ASD). Retrieved from: http://www.moh.gov.sg/content/moh_web/healthprofessionalsportal/doctors/guidelines/cpg_medical/2010/cpgmed_autism_spectrum_disorders_preschool_children.html
Kemper, K. J. (2008). The use of complementary and alternative medicine in pediatrics. American Academy of Pediatrics, 122 (6), 1374-1386.
Lovaas, O. I. (1987). Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 55(1), 3.
Schreck, K. A. & Miller, V. A. (2010). How to behave ethically in a world of fads. Behavioural Interventions, 25 (4), 307-324.
McEachin, J. J., Smith, T. & Lovaas, O. I. (1993). Long-term outcome for children with autism who received early intensive behavioural treatment. American Journal of Mental Retardation, 97(4), 359-372.